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WHAT IS

down syndrome? 

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of a chromosome (known as chromosome 21). It is typically associated with physical growth delays, mild to moderate intellectual/ developmental disabilities and characteristic facial features.

 

Down syndrome occurs in people of all races and economic levels, though older women have an increased chance of having a child with Down syndrome. 

CHARACTERISTICS OF 

people with down syndrome

Down syndrome is often associated with some impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth. Some common sets of facial and/ or physica characteristics include:  

 

  • Microgenia (an abnormally small chin)

  • An unusually round face

  • Macroglossia (protruding or over-sized tongue)

  • An almond shape to the eyes caused by an epicanthic fold of the eyelid

  • Upslanting palpebral fissures (the separation between the upper and lower eyelids), shorter limbs,

  • A single transverse palmar crease (a single instead of a double crease across one or both palms, also called the Simian crease)

  • Poor muscle tone

  • A larger than normal space between the big and second toes.

1200px-World_Down_Syndrome_Day_Logo.png

Do you know 21st March is marked as the World Down Syndrome Day? 

(Click on the picture above to find out more)

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